Amy Coney Barrett joined the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in October 2017. A graduate of Notre Dame University Law School, Barrett clerked for the late conservative Justice Antonin Scalia and later returned to Notre Dame’s law school as a member of the faculty. If confirmed, Barrett would be the fifth woman to serve on the Court and the youngest justice confirmed since Clarence Thomas was elevated to the Court at age 43 in 1991. In preparation, Dentons’ Public Policy team has developed a Barrett Confirmation primer to provide insight into the confirmation process.
As we mourn the loss of a true giant, at all of 5’1’’, we look to the nomination process to fill Justice Ginsburg’s seat.
The President and Senate Majority leader have made clear that there will be a nominee and the confirmation process will begin immediately. The expectation is that a nominee will be announced over the weekend. In preparation, Dentons’ Public Policy team has developed a Supreme Court Nomination Primer to provide insight into the nomination process, a look at past confirmations and a review of the Court’s fall schedule.
As the saying goes, “Eight weeks before an election is a lifetime in politics.” If you have any doubts about the truth of this adage, we suggest speaking with “Presidents” Michael Dukakis or Hillary Clinton! Simply put, there are few, if any, slam dunks in politics. Elections continue to have the capacity to surprise and confound. When the Democratic primary process began with over 25 candidates, who would ever have thought that we would end up with an election between two of the oldest candidates ever to run for the office?
Current polling indicates that, if the election were held today, Vice President Biden is near or above the 270 electoral votes he needs to win election. These same polls say the Senate would flip, ever so narrowly, to Democratic control and the House Democratic majority would be relatively unchanged.
However Labor Day is certainly not Election Day (see Dukakis and Hillary mentions above). And now is, historically, when the race officially begins.
This Election Primer, the first in Dentons’ Election Series, sets the stage for the race to November. From the “top of the ticket” to the down-ballot congressional and state house contests across the country, we track the races that could change majorities in November. More detailed reports will be released as we get closer to election day. We hope this 10,000-foot view helps get you up to speed.
Last month, the US Department of Justice (“DOJ”) filed multiple criminal charges against well-known lobbyist Jack Abramoff, including a charge that Abramoff violated the Lobbying Disclosure Act (“Act”). According to the US Department of Justice, Abramoff plead guilty to conspiracy to commit wire fraud and violating the LDA for separate cases. This marks the first ever known prosecution of a lobbyist for a criminal violation of the LDA. Abramoff was previously sentenced to six years in federal prison for mail fraud, conspiracy to bribe public officials, and tax evasion related to lobbying efforts on behalf of Native American casino businesses and tribes.
The DOJ charged Abramoff with knowingly and corruptly failing to register as a lobbyist, as required by the LDA, after being retained for lobbying efforts by a client in the marijuana industry. Specifically, the DOJ alleged that in June of 2017, Abramoff failed to register as a lobbyist for efforts on behalf of the client that involved communications with one or more federal officials, as required by the LDA. The LDA requires, generally, that any person engaged in lobbying efforts with the federal government register as a lobbyist with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives within 45 days of the retention by the client or making the triggering contact. In Abramoff’s case, an FBI undercover agent posed as a potential client seeking assistance with federal lobbying efforts. Abramoff signed an engagement and met with members of Congress, but failed to register for his efforts.
In a separate, unrelated matter, the DOJ alleged that Abramoff conspired with Marcus Andrade to mislead investors about a proposed new cryptocurrency called AML Bitcoin. The DOJ alleges that Abramoff and Andrade purported to show investors that their crypto-currency would comply with anti-money laundering and ‘know-your-customer’ laws and regulations. In one instance, Andrade and Abramoff hired writers to publish op-eds falsely claiming that NBC had rejected a Super Bowl ad featuring North Korean leader Kim Jong Un yelling at his subordinates for failing to hack the cryptocurrency.
The criminal prosecution against Abramoff for violating the LDA is being viewed as a significant moment that possibly signals new aggressiveness in federal lobbying enforcement. Transparency advocates have long contended that the registration and reporting obligations of the LDA are widely flouted by federal lobbyists, and criticized the DOJ for lack of enforcement in both the civil and criminal context. While it remains to be seen if this is an idiosyncratic prosecution driven by Abramoff’s high profile and past history as a lobbyist, it nevertheless serves as a reminder to companies, firms and individuals engaged in federal lobbying to employ a diligent compliance framework to ensure that the registration and reporting requirements of the LDA are met. The Dentons Political Law Group will continue to provide updates regarding this and other lobbying compliance-related developments.
On June 30th, Democrats on the House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis released a comprehensive climate change report, which established a goal of reaching net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
While the Select Committee does not maintain any actual legislative authority, the Democratic staff report includes over 100 legislative recommendations for multiple House Committees. In some respects, the report’s recommendations expand beyond just merely climate change, addressing environmental justice, water infrastructure and job creation.
The Select Committee’s report comes amidst a busy several weeks with respect to Democrats articulating a vision for climate change. Former Vice President Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic Presidential nominee, released on Tuesday an updated clean energy and climate change plan that aims to achieve no later than 2050 a net-zero economy. Among other provisions, Biden proposes requiring that utilities generate 100 percent of their electricity from non-emitting sources by 2035. Biden’s proposal largely mirrors recommendations released by a Biden-Sanders Unity Task Force on climate change that attempted to reconcile the moderate and progressive wings of the Democratic Party. And, House Democrats, on July 2nd, passed H.R. 2, The Moving Forward Act, a US$1.5 trillion infrastructure package that extends renewable tax incentives and invests US$70 billion in clean energy.
As to the House Select Committee report, the majority of the legislative recommendations are unlikely to be passed into law this year. Yet, the report could serve as the basis for a climate change legislative agenda next year, especially if the Senate and Presidency come under Democratic leadership.
The House Select Committee report includes recommendations for tax credits, market reform, clean energy standards, grid modernization, nuclear energy industry, natural gas development, carbon pricing, federal procurement, carbon capture, transportation, environmental justice, and agriculture. Below is a summary of some of the key recommendations in each of the areas.
- Extends the Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) for renewables.
- Extends the offshore wind ITC at 30 percent and establishes an ITC for energy storage.
- Amends the Federal Power Act to provide that rates that do not incorporate the cost of CO2 emissions are unjust, unreasonable, unduly discriminatory and/or preferential.
- Directs the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to conduct rulemaking that would require ISOs/RTOs better integrate renewable energy, battery storage, distributed energy resources, and demand response.
Clean Energy Standard (CES)
- Requires that utilities provide 100 percent clean energy by 2040. The report states that clean resources include renewables, hydro, nuclear and sources employing carbon capture.
- Clarifies that a federal CES would not preempt state clean/renewable energy standards.
- Clarifies that FERC can exercise backstop siting authority for interstate electric transmission facilities within a National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor.
- Establishes a DOE program to support states and local governments siting electric transmission lines.
- Directs FERC to promulgate incentives to improve the capacity and efficiency of the bulk electric transmission system.
- Authorizes DOE funding to identify and evaluate climate-related risks to electric grid infrastructure.
- Establishes a competitive grant program for state and local governments to invest in technologies and strategies to improve the resilience of the electric distribution system.
- Directs the Department of Energy (DOE) to support small modular reactors through research and development, federal financing, loan guarantees or pilot programs.
- Directs the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to increase inspections at aging nuclear plants.
- Reinstates Obama-era Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards on methane emissions associated with new and modified oil and gas sources. The report also calls for reinstating an Obama-era Bureau of Land Management (BLM) rule, which set limits on methane emissions from oil and gas sources operating on federal lands.
- Directs EPA and BLM to conduct rulemakings to achieve reductions of methane emissions from new and existing oil and gas sources of 65-70 percent by 2025 and 90 percent by 2030. In addition, the report directs EPA and BLM to prohibit the use of routinely flared gas at oil wells.
- Requires that natural gas pipeline operators install technology to mitigate leaks and report any leaks immediately. The report also increases civil penalties for violations of federal safety laws and regulations.
- Amends the Natural Gas Act to clarify that FERC must consider upstream and downstream natural GHG emissions associated with interstate natural gas pipelines and LNG facilities and bolsters protections for landowners.
- Eliminates current exemptions that the oil and gas industry enjoys to the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act and the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act.
- Ends tax incentives for oil and gas production.
- Places (but does not specify) a price on CO2 emissions and states that any carbon pricing regime should be structured to support energy-intensive, trade exposed industries and low- and medium-income households. The report emphasizes that the imposition of carbon pricing should not be used to provide liability protections to large emitters.
- Directs the federal government to purchase 100 percent of its electricity needs from clean sources by 2040.
- Bolsters DOE funding for technologies, including carbon capture, that reduce industrial emissions.
- Expands existing 45Q carbon capture tax credit and enacts a separate ITC specifically for carbon capture and utilization projects.
- Directs EPA to create new GHG emission standards for passenger vehicles, light-duty vehicles, and trucks, along with medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. The report would also allow states to adopt and enforce California’s motor vehicle emission standards.
- Establishes a technology-neutral national zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales standard to ensure all light-duty vehicles sold by 2035 are zero-emission and expedite the use of zero-emission vehicles in industries that have zero-emissions vehicles available.
- Develops a Low Carbon Fuel Standard to build on the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) to institute a technology and feedstock neutral benchmark that would lower the carbon standard over time based on lifecycle assessment of carbon intensity fuels.
- Increases the per-manufacturer cap on the electric vehicle tax credit.
- Invests in research, development, demonstration and deployment to develop new zero-emission technologies for manufacturing in the transportation sector .
- Directs EPA to set GHG standards for new and existing aircrafts.
- Creates a new program within the Department of Transportation (DOT) to share costs with state and local governments and private sector technology developers to deploy resilient solutions for public transit electrification, including smart grids.
- Doubles EPA’s enforcement budget and directs the agency to make environmental and climate justice one of its enforcement and compliance assurance priorities.
- Directs DOE to identify best practices to increase electric vehicle supply equipment deployment in environmental justice and vulnerable communities.
- Directs the EPA to develop a methodology to assess the cumulative and disproportionate impacts of pollution on environmental justice communities to incorporate into agency decision-making.
- Directs EPA to ensure that individuals in affected environmental justice community are involved in the development of environmental projects in their communities.
- Creates a grant program to support Historically Black Colleges and Universities, tribal colleges, and other Minority Serving Institutions establishing environmental and climate justice centers.
- Modifies existing US Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs to encourage farmers to employ practices that increase carbon sequestration and reduce GHG emissions.
- Directs the Department of Treasury and USDA to study federal tax credits to incentivize carbon sequestration and GHG reduction on farms.
- Establishes a grant program to provide states and tribes with funding for soil carbon sequestration programs to support healthy soil initiatives.
- Directs USDA to provide additional grant funding or equipment rental loans for farmers to transition to low-emissions equipment.
- In addition to these recommendations, the report includes legislative recommendations relating to public health, climate resiliency, international climate change engagement, confronting climate risks to US national security and bolstering the climate science, among other proposals.
In addition to these recommendations, the report includes legislative recommendations relating to public health, climate resiliency, international climate change engagement, confronting climate risks to US national security and bolstering the climate science, among other proposals.
To respond to the coronavirus health crisis and the enormous economic downturn caused by the pandemic, the House of Representatives just now passed by voice vote the CARES Act, the US$2.2 trillion stimulus package that the Senate passed late Wednesday night by a 96-0 vote. The bill now goes to President Trump who has said that he will sign it into law immediately.
This bill, the third legislative response to the coronavirus crisis, marks the biggest economic rescue package in US history. Passage of the bill marked the end to nearly week-long negotiations between senators, House Speaker Pelosi and the Trump administration.
Among its many provisions, the bill provides US$150 billion in aid for the health care industry. US$100 billion of which will be widely available.to hospitals and providers. It has substantial support for laid off employees, small businesses, non-profits, and numerous other industries that have been reeling from the economic impact of the virus. The wide-reaching bill includes a US$1,200 one-time check for individuals who make up to US$75,000 annually and married up to US$150,000. It provides US$377 billion in small loan relief loan to numerous businesses, defers federal student loan payments through September 30 and provides US$260 billion in unemployment benefits.
The bill also includes a US$500 billion infusion into the Treasury Department’s Exchange Stabilization Fund, to be used to make loans, loan guarantees, and other investments to businesses, states, and municipalities in 2020. Of that amount, it would provide as loans and loan guarantees as much as: US$25 billion in direct lending for passenger airlines, ticket agents, and aviation inspection and repair services, US$17 billion for unspecified businesses critical to national security and US$4 billion for cargo airlines. As much as US$454 billion, and any other unused loan funds, would be available to make loans, loan guarantees, and other investments to support programs or facilities established within the Federal Reserve. Funds could be used to purchase obligations or other interests from businesses, states, or municipalities directly or in secondary markets.
Subject to returning to Washington, DC on 24 hours’ notice, the Senate has now adjourned until April 20 and the House also is not expected to return to DC for at least a comparable period. We will continue to update you on all legislative and regulatory developments in connection with the COVID-19 crisis.
Click here to download the Senate bill.
Click here to download a section by section summary of the bill.
Last night, the US Senate passed what is being dubbed as the Phase 3 COVID-19 Emergency Economic Relief Package. It provides over $2.2 trillion in financial assistance to public and private entities. The Senate has now adjourned until April 20 and the House is scheduled to take up the bill and pass it by a voice vote tomorrow. The President is expected to sign the bill tomorrow evening. Click here to view the bill.